Wednesday, June 1, 2011

Walking the West Ward around Warren Hill in 1901

Just when you think there are no "quick hits" left to hit, more quickly turn up! Here is another one involving Warren Hill School (1885-1936) in Meads, Eastbourne. Well, maybe it's actually "not so quick" a hit…

Here is a result from the 1901 census found at:

It's a genealogical entry for a lad named Percival Armorer Forster, who was born in 1888 in Bishop Middleham, Durham, England. here are the details:

1901 British Census:
Dwelling: Warren Hill School - Beachy Head Road
Census Place: Eastbourne, Sussex, England
Source: PRO Ref RG13 Piece 880 Folio 90 Page 8 Family 30

WILKINSON Alfred Max, head, M, age 44, b. Hong Kong, Occ. Headmaster of Preparatory School
WILKINSON Jane [sic], wife, M, age 36, b. India
WILKINSON Kenneth, son, -, age 8, b. Eastbourne, Sussex
WILKINSON James, son, -, age 5, b. Eastbourne, Sussex
WILSON Archibald, boarder, S, age 25, b. London, Occ. Schoolmaster

FORSTER Percival, boarder, -, age 13, b. Bishop Middleham, Durham, Occ. -
+51 other pupils and 19 staff at the preparatory school

The 1901 census was conducted on 31 March 1901, and while the campus was seemingly fully staffed with servants (19 of them were on the premises), there were no schoolmasters there except the Head Master, A. Max Wilkinson and a "boarder" who was also a "schoolmaster."

Suddenly, it hit me: I could use the 1901 census to find out exactly where the mysterious "masters' residence" of Warren Hill School was! After all, it was believed to be in an image from a post card from before the turn of the century.

I checked the entire 28-page record from 1901 for the count done that day in East Sussex, Southern Eastbourne, West Ward, in the Parish of St, John the Evangelist. With every obsessive-compulsive bone in my body, I recorded the living quarters of each inhabitant even remotely connected with a school!

Here's the list, address first, noting if there was a "head" of the house who was not an educator, and exact occupation (as recorded):

Timsbury Lodge:

Herbert G. Daymond, S, 38, Tutor at Timsbury School
Emily R. Daymand, S, 34, Music teacher at Timsbury School

Aldro, Darley Road [seen above, right]:

Head, Harold R. Browne, M, 41, Clergyman, Church of England—Schoolmaster
(living with wife and 3 children; 1 nephew, age 10)

Also: 42 boarders (all students)

And: A school matron, kitchenmaid, nurse, cook, and 5 housemaids, one who also cleaned the stables.

Edensore [sic] Road (School House):

Head, Edwin G. Capon, M, 38, Head Master, National School*
(living with wife, 2 daughters, 4 sons; 1 sister, a dressmaker)

* According to Bygone Eastbourne (1902) by John Charles Wright, the National School took children "under 8 or 9" from the "manufactory" of the workhouse for lessons in the afternoons.

Warren Hill School, Beachy Head Road [census seen, left, and in next two images below]:

Head, Alfred Max Wilkinson, M, 44, Headmaster of Preparatory School
(living with wife, Jone, 38, and sons Kenneth, 8, and James, 5)

Boarder, Archibald Wilson, S, 25, Schoolmaster

Also: Boarders, 52 students, ages 9 – 13

And: 19 servants, including 2 school matrons, 6 housemaids, cook, kitchenmaid, scullerymaid, 2 footmen, a house boy, 2 hospital nurse, a parlourmaid, and a governess.

No. 1 Dalton Terrace:
(dwelling headed by a resident bath chair proprietor, his wife, and 2 daughters)

Boarder, Anna E. Magis, S, 53, Teacher of Languages

Heads of other flats at No. 1:

Eric L. Streatfeild, S, 29, Schoolmaster's assistant

Charles W. Slade, S, 34, Schoolmaster's assistant

No. 2 Dalton Terrace:

Head, Ernest C. Rogers, M, 35, School Porter
(living with wife and 2 sons)

Heads of other flats at No. 2:

Basil M. Downton, S, 22, Schoolmaster—
Gentleman's Preparatory School

Arthur C. Miller, S, 24, Schoolmaster

Bevil Close, S, 22, Schoolmaster

No. 3 Dalton Terrace:
(dwelling headed by Sarah Bartholomew, W, 62)

Daughter, Louisa Bartholomew, S, 32, Teacher of Music
Daughter, Sarah Bartholomew, S, 31, Teacher of Music
Daughter, Edith Bartholomew, S, 28, Teacher of Music

No. 5 Dalton Terrace:
(dwelling headed by a resident stationer who lived there with her servant/shop assistant)

Heads of other flats in No. 5:

Charles S. Cross, S, 26, Assistant Schoolmaster

Arthur G. Topham, S, 32, Assistant Schoolmaster

Duncan B. Tugwell, S, 24, Assistant Schoolmaster

Edward Berens, S, 27, Assistant Schoolmaster

[Update, 11-6-11: Michael O. of the ELHS relates: "Dalton Terrace is now part of Meads Street itself. It was not originally Dalton Road, which still exists as a separate road. The shops with maisonettes above, between the present 7 Meads Street (the corner of Dalton Road) and 17 Meads Street used to be known as Dalton Terrace."]

No. 2 All Saints Cottages, Meads Street:
(dwelling headed by a resident 'pensioner' master mariner, his wife, and son)

Boarder, Joseph Nicholls, S, 27, Schoolmaster

No. 1 Compton Terrace:
(dwelling headed by a resident carpenter, his wife, 2 infant daughters, and a servant)

Boarder, Samuel A. Elliot, S, 27, Schoolmaster

Boarder, Edwin Wall, S, 31, Schoolmaster

No. 5 The Village:
(dwelling headed by a resident gardener, his wife and 2 daughters)

Head of a flat at No. 2:

Rose Butler, S, 30, Teacher of English, Mathematics, and Latin

No. 6 The Village:
(dwelling headed by a resident gardener, his wife, and sister)

Boarder, Rosanna Marshall, S, 37, Elementary School Teacher

No. 9 The Village:
(dwelling headed by a resident carpenter/joiner, his wife, and 2 sons)

Boarder, Hilda F. Mueller, S, 29, Pianoforte Teacher

No. 37 The Village:
(dwelling headed by a resident gas fitter, his wife, daughter, and 2 sons)

Boarder, Lily A. Jones, S, 30, Pianoforte Teacher

No. 38 The Village:

Head, Harris Diplock, M, 39, Swimming Instructor
(living with his wife and 6 sons, ages 13 years down to 5 months)

[Update, 11-6-11: Michael O. adds: "Harry Diplock was the swimming instructor at the Devonshire (Swimming) Baths in Eastbourne. He was not associated with any school as far as I know. He used to perform a Houdini-style escape act from a barrel (ref Eastbourne Local Historian Issue 152, Summer 2009)."]

And that's it.

There is no house full of schoolmasters on Beachy Head Road, save Warren Hill itself, which housed the Head Master and one schoolmaster boarding there.

There were a couple of addresses over on Dalton Terrace [Now perhaps Dalton Road?], past The Village, that held numerous teachers, but nothing in the same census ward.

And if one of those large homes we've looked at "just below" Warren Hill on the other side of the street housed schoolmasters, why was Wilkinson boarding one at the school, and why didn't Streatfeild—one person we're certain taught at Warren Hill—live in a collective residence like that?

Oh—perhaps all of the masters were down at The Ship having a pint after a day of tough classes!


The only people recorded at The Ship were the owners, Amos and Ada Luck, 35 and 34 years of age respectively, and their barman, George Levett, 19. Slow night...

I suppose it's possible that the masters were all simply in transit between destinations, each one always zigging while the census taker was zagging as the evening unfolded, but that simply doesn't seem very likely.

Is it possible that, if there was, indeed, a 'house for masters,' that it wasn't in existence until after 1901? If it existed in 1901, it must have been at quite a distance from the campus.

And—just an aside—in 1901, except for the above-mentioned Head Masters, the "swimming instructor," the porter, and the clergyman who doubled as a schoolmaster, not one other person charged with working with children was married.

Was that the norm? And was there a reason? As an elementary school teacher (of 10- and 11-year–olds) myself, I am curious! Around that time in the States and before, only a woman could have taught in an elementary school, and she would have had to have been unmarried (virginal) in many American locales...

1 comment:

  1. Ok, I think I see. You found the school itself on the census, and I'm looking for that house across and up the road past Denton Road. Am I right?